Plantar fasciitis is the term commonly used to refer to heel
and arch pain traced to an inflammation on the bottom of the foot. More
specifically, plantar fasciitis is an inflammation of the connective
tissue, called plantar fascia, that stretches from the base of the toes,
across the arch of the foot, to the point at which it inserts into the
heel bone. Overpronation is the most common cause of plantar fasciitis.
As the foot rolls inward excessively when walking, it flattens the
foot, lengthens the arch, and puts added tension on the plantar fascia.
Over time, this causes inflammation.
Also known as heel spur syndrome, the condition is often
successfully treated with conservative measures, such as the use of
anti-inflammatory medications, ice packs, stretching exercises, orthotic
devices, and physical therapy. Note: Please consult your physician before taking any medications. In persistent cases, Extracorporeal Shock Wave Treatment (ESWT) may be used to treat the heel pain.